Pyrobaculum yellowstonensis Strain WP30 Respires on Elemental Sulfur and/or Arsenate in Circumneutral Sulfidic Geothermal Sediments of Yellowstone National Park


Thermoproteales (phylum Crenarchaeota) populations are abundant in high-temperature (>70 degrees C) environments of Yellowstone National Park (YNP) and are important in mediating the biogeochemical cycles of sulfur, arsenic, and carbon. The objectives of this study were to determine the specific physiological attributes of the isolate Pyrobaculum yellowstonensis strain WP30, which was obtained from an elemental sulfur sediment (Joseph's Coat Hot Spring [JCHS], 80 degrees C, pH 6.1, 135 muM As) and relate this organism to geochemical processes occurring in situ. Strain WP30 is a chemoorganoheterotroph and requires elemental sulfur and/or arsenate as an electron acceptor. Growth in the presence of elemental sulfur and arsenate resulted in the formation of thioarsenates and polysulfides. The complete genome of this organism was sequenced (1.99 Mb, 58% G+C content), revealing numerous metabolic pathways for the degradation of carbohydrates, amino acids, and lipids. Multiple dimethyl sulfoxide-molybdopterin (DMSO-MPT) oxidoreductase genes, which are implicated in the reduction of sulfur and arsenic, were identified. Pathways for the de novo synthesis of nearly all required cofactors and metabolites were identified. The comparative genomics of P. yellowstonensis and the assembled metagenome sequence from JCHS showed that this organism is highly related ( approximately 95% average nucleotide sequence identity) to in situ populations. The physiological attributes and metabolic capabilities of P. yellowstonensis provide an important foundation for developing an understanding of the distribution and function of these populations in YNP.


PubMed ID: 26092468

Projects: Adaptive Responses, Energy and Material Processing, Microbial Community Dynamics

Publication type: Not specified

Journal: Appl Environ Microbiol

Citation: Appl Environ Microbiol. 2015 Sep 1;81(17):5907-16. doi: 10.1128/AEM.01095-15. Epub 2015 Jun 19.

Date Published: 19th Jun 2015

Registered Mode: Not specified

Authors: Z. J. Jay, J. P. Beam, A. Dohnalkova, R. Lohmayer, B. Bodle, B. Planer-Friedrich, M. Romine, W. P. Inskeep

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Created: 8th Apr 2016 at 15:41

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